April 2018 : Ludo & Max project – First Planting Campaign

Ludovic and Max discussed the possibility of starting to plant fruit trees on the property with their neighbor Juan in December 2017, right after the acquisition of the land (an epic signing at the notary in Barcelona)

Juan is a fantastic person that has a great knowledge of local plants and trees since he is a gardener for a local landscaping company. Yet Juan is much more than that. He lives and sleeps in Llucmajor with his wife Maria, and spends most of his leisure time in the old Mansion of Cugulutx d’es Descalçs next to Sa Qenti. His “pad” is full of tools, animals and projects linked to agriculture and construction. He has chickens, dogs, pigs and a small vegetable garden. He is making his own sobrassada, one of Mallorca’s culinary delights.

Juan’s Mansion on the other side of the stone wall

Before they designed the Planting Campaign, they asked for a soil analysis.

Here the agronomist comments on the soil

– El suelo está muy compactado debido al paso de los caballos y a que lleva mucho tiempo sin labrarse.

– Se trata de un suelo arcilloso, apto para cultivos de frutales y hortalizas. Aunque este aspecto debería concretarse con el análisis de suelo. A primera vista se pueden producir hortalizas y frutales (en parcelas próximas existen estos cultivos), aunque no se trata del tipo de terreno más adecuado para estos cultivos.

– El principal factor limitante del suelo será seguramente la profundidad. Aunque no se han observado aparición de rocas, si que se observan trozos de piedra que se habrían arrancado del subsuelo con los aperos del tractor. Posiblemente la profundidad ronde entre los 20 y 30 cm en la mayor parte del terreno. La roca del subsuelo (por el material observado en las paredes) podría ser de tipo mares, lo que permitiría plantearse el romperla para conseguir más profundidad para los cultivos (pero esta operación requiere una cierta inversión).

– En esta zona no existen problemas de exceso de agua, sino más bién al contrario, ya que en verano se requieren riegos de ayuda para los cultivos.

La profundidad ideal para unos frutales sería de unos 40 cm como mínimo.

Los algarrobos presentes en la parcela están adaptados a suelos poco profundos y con poca disponibilidad de agua, lo que estaría de acuerdo con lo dicho hasta ahora. Los olivos se adaptarían perfectamente a este terreno.

En cualquier caso para plantearse un cultivo de frutales y hortalizas, debe disponerse de agua para riego, por lo que se debe mirar la disponibilidad de agua de la zona. Por lo que conozco de la zona, no tendría que haber problemas para encontrar agua mediante una perforación.

After having this information, they decided to contact Viveros Porreres and choose with Juan fruit trees that could be adapted to the soil and climate.

At that stage, they made the mistake to buy trees that where too old and too expensive to be compatible with the kind of ecological project they target now. Their decision were more motivated by a landscaping concern than a long term vision. In this area Juan did not advise them otherwise, and let them make mistakes, probably because they did not know each other well enough and he did not want to confront us.

Bosque Comestible

First planting occurred in March 2018. This could also have waited until Fall 2018 which is always a better period for transplant success. Again Max & Ludo (well Ludo indeed !) were too impatient to wait for some more months.

They also made the mistake to design an orchard in the old way (not fully permaculture) with too much space between trees, thinking in a monocultural approach.

Finally, they planted citric trees in areas where they would not survive without artificial water supply, which is not sustainable. They will have to move them in 2020 once their Citric Garden area, close to the house, and to available waste water, are ready.

Trees they planted under that initial scheme:

  1. Two “centennial” Olive trees

  1. Six young Olive trees

  1. Six Almond trees

  1. Ten Citric trees : lemon, pomelos, orange and mandarine

  1. Four Cherry trees

  1. Four grown up Fig trees

  2. Two grown up Pomegranate trees

  1. One Loquat tree

  2. One Kaki tree

Other planting:

They planted a cypress alley along their neighbour house to protect intimacy and hide his technical installations

They planted three Bougainvillea next to the house’s main entrance to provide a welcoming and fresh feeling.

They planted five Pine trees (pinoneros) to provide future shade in the new access towards the house, where cars will park in the future.

Here is Antonio’s contact, who gave them the first insight on the soil:

Antoni Sans


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